The Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and the Council (IED) is the main EU instrument regulating pollutant emissions from industrial installations. The IED was adopted on 24 November 2010 and entered into force on 6 January 2011.
The IED aims to achieve a high level of protection of human health and the environment taken as a whole by reducing harmful industrial emissions across the EU, in particular through better application of Best Available Techniques (BAT).
The IED is based on the following principles:
- An integrated approach: in which the regulation of installations takes into account environmental impacts as a whole including emissions to air, water and land, generation of waste, use of raw materials, energy efficiency, noise, prevention of accidents, and restoration of the site upon closure.
IED implementation arrangements
The IED makes provisions for the establishment of two groups involving representatives from Member States to support the implementation of the IED. These are: